Babina Sapkota: Hanuman Dhoka Durbar Square
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Friday, 5 October 2018

Hanuman Dhoka Durbar Square

Hanuman Dhoka is a complex of structures with the Royal Palace of the Malla kings and also of the Shah dynasty in the Durbar Square of central Kathmandu, Nepal. It is spread over five acres. The Hanuman Dhoka Palace (Hanuman Dhoka Darbar in Nepali) gets its name from the stone image of Hanuman, the Hindu deity, that sits near the main entryway. 'Dhoka' means door or gate in Nepali. The buildings were severely damaged in the 2015 earthquake.


Kal Bhairav

House or Palace off Kumari of Kathmandu Valley
Swet bhairav 
Inside the wooden latticed screen, below Degu Taleju is hidden the terrifying face of Swet Bhairav. The giant sculpture was fashioned and installed in 1795, during the rule of Rana Bahadur Shah, the grandson of Prithvi Narayan Shah.

The screen is opened to reveal Swet Bhairav only during the week of Indra Jatra festival in September. During Indra Jatra nights, Swet Bhairav is alive with much festivity as local beer pours out from the mouth through a spout and the crowd of men compete to drink the holy beer. On other days, you can peek through the latticed window, to get a glimpse of Swet Bhairav

Flag Seller

Jewels Market around Basantapur Dabali

Basantapur area along with Hanuman Dhoka or Main Gate of Palace.

The "Hanuman Dhoka" proper, or Hanuman Gate, is located on the west side of Durbar Square. It is the entry gate to the palace, where a standing statue of Hanuman (monkey god), dated to 1672, guards the palace. Hanuman is decked with a red cloth and an umbrella. The face is smeared with a red paste. On the left is a stone sculpture dated to 1673 of Lord Narasimha (the half-man, half lion incarnation of Lord Vishnu), devouring the demon Hiranyakashipu, which is credited to Pratap Malla period according to an inscription on the pedestal of the image.

Gaddhi Baithak

The white neoclassical building shown in picture is known as the Gaddhi Baithak stretches in the Basantapur palace area. This European style building was built as a part of the palace in the early twentieth century by Rana prime minister Chandra Shamsher during the reign of King Prithvi Bir Bikram Shah.
The building is known to have been modeled after London’s National Gallery. With its white exterior and a completely European design, the Gaddhi Baithak presents a stark contrast to the surrounding Nepali architecture.
Although Chandra Shamsher had the palace built for residential use by Kings, by the time of King Mahendra Shah, the palace had become a center from which Kings ruled and settled the affairs of the country, and hence its name Gaddhi Baithak or the Royal Seat.
This modern building was partly destroyed by the Earthquake of 2015. The present structure is reconstructed recently by Nepal Government.

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